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Reading Comprehension: Main Idea Questions

Which of the following best states the main idea of the passage?

Good work!

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The passage states that organization theory is the notion, or idea, that workers and management will work together for the benefit of the firm. We learn from the Initial Reading that the passage deals mainly with showing why this notion is flawed.

Incorrect.

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In this passage, the author claims the theory is flawed because of its inherent assumptions, and not because its subjects are irrational.

Incorrect.

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This answer choice merely rephrases the basic assumption of organizational theory. However, the author argues that this basic assumption is severely flawed.

Incorrect.

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This answer choice is too narrow. This detail relates to the first argument against organizational theory and not to the passage as a whole.

Incorrect.

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While the argument's point is indeed to discuss several flaws in the assumption above, this answer choice misrepresents the argument's main idea. The assumption that workers and management should work together is actually supported by the classic argument of organizational theory appearing in the second sentence. The remainder of the passage is concerned with pointing the various flaws inherent in organizational theory.

Organizational theory is unsound because workers and management do not act rationally.
The interests of workers and management coincide as long as they operate rationally.
Workers have achieved higher wages by struggling with management and not cooperating with it.
The assumption that workers and management should cooperate for the benefit of all is invalidated by the classic argument of organizational theory.
The notion that workers and management will cooperate for the benefit of a common interest is unsound.