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Reading Comprehension: Detail Questions

According to the first paragraph, which of the following best describes the principles upheld by current strategies for financing higher education?

Incorrect.

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This answer choice is close, but is too narrow - it only considers tuition exemption

First, please note that tuition-free education is not mentioned in the relevant sentence. 

Second, although this answer choice refers to equal opportunities, tuition exemption is only one of the three strategies for financing higher education via a general tax. The other approaches are a combination of tuition, scholarships, and deferred tuition or loans. Therefore, this statement cannot be described as the best description of the principles behind current strategies.

Incorrect.

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This answer choice is close, but is too narrow - it only considers scholarships. Note that scholarships are not mentioned in the relevant sentence.

While this answer choice does address the question of educational opportunities, the granting of scholarships is only one of the current financing strategies mentioned in the first paragraph. Furthermore, the passage nowhere explicitly addresses the issue of eligibility for scholarships.

Incorrect.

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Note that graduate earnings are not mentioned in the relevant sentence - where we are most like to find the correct answer to this question.

This answer choice provides a reason for opposing a graduate tax - discussed in the second paragraph. It does not describe a principle upheld by the current financing strategies - discussed in the first paragraph.

Well done!

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The relevant sentence states explicitly that all the current financing strategies are based on a principled belief (=norm) in equal educational opportunities.

Incorrect.

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Note that taxpayers' high earnings are not mentioned in the relevant sentence - where we are most like to find the correct answer to this question.

The passage does not claim anywhere that all high earners enjoyed the subsidized interest of student loans. At the most, the passage claims that most college graduates go on to earn relatively high wages.

A tuition-free system is the only way to truly provide equal opportunities for realizing the educational potential of societies' members.
Talented students of limited means are also granted eligibility for scholarships.
Future earnings of graduates should not be the basis for underwriting current expenses of educational establishments.
Everyone with educational potential merits the chance to acquire a decent education.
High earners all enjoyed the benefits of subsidized interest and therefore, as taxpayers, should contribute their share to sustaining the student loan system