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Reading Comprehension: Inference Questions

The author suggests that the interaction between early humans and Neanderthals

Incorrect.

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The passage states explicitly that the groups lived in Europe and Asia. Therefore this is not truly an inference.

Incorrect.

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The passage only mentions that humans may have had superior adaptive capacities, but this is not explained by the interaction between humans and Neanderthals. The variability of the contemporary human genome is mentioned elsewhere in the passage, but this point is not related to the issue adaptability.

Incorrect.

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The passage mentions that Neanderthals may have adopted technology from humans, but does not suggest that this was the motivation behind their interaction.

Incorrect.

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The disappearance of anatomical differences could be a result of hybridization of species. However, the interaction discussed in the passage is social interaction, which is not the same as biological hybridization.

Well done!

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The author tells us that evidence exists that challenges the "replacement" theory, which believes that interaction between early humans and Neanderthals was violent. Since violence is the result of antagonism (=hatred, opposition) between groups, it is correct to infer, that the author believes that the interaction between the groups was not necessarily antagonistic.

could only have occurred in Europe or Asia
contributed to human adaptability, by enlarging the human gene pool
was not necessarily antagonistic
motivated by technological disparities between the two groups
gradually led to the disappearance of anatomical differences