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Sentence Correction: Sentence vs. Clause vs. Fragment

Rupert Brooke's poetry turned him into a symbol of an entire generation when it reflected patriotically on the experiences of World War I.

Incorrect.

While this answer choice attempts to correct the stylistic flaw in the original question by changing the clause when... to a modifier (reflecting...), it is still stylistically flawed.

The use reflecting fails to express the logical connection between the two clauses. In addition, the use of the participle clause reflecting patriotically on the experiences of World War I creates ambiguity, as it is not clear whether reflecting modifies generation or Rupert Brooke's poetry.

Incorrect.

This answer repeats the stylistic flaw in the original question. The phrase in that is awkward and confusing, as it does not clearly express the relationship between the sentence's two clauses. Search for an answer choice that makes logical and concise use of a conjunction to connect the two clauses.

Incorrect.

This answer choice is stylistically flawed. The use of the conjunction when is awkward and confusing, as it does not clearly express the relationship between the sentence's two clauses.

The use of when suggests that  Brooke's poetry turned him into a symbol at a particular time, which does not make sense. Search for an answer choice that makes logical and concise use of a conjunction to connect the two clauses.

Incorrect.

While this answer choice attempts to correct the original stylistic flaw by replacing the conjunction when with a relative pronoun which, it is illogical and changes the meaning of the original sentence.

The relative clause which reflected patriotically on World War I experiences modifies the noun generation. However, in the original sentence, Rupert Brooke's poetry, not the generation, reflected on the war experiences: this is the reason his poetry became a symbol for an entire generation.To express this idea the modifier should have been placed after Rupert Brooke's poetry.

Well done!

This answer choice corrects the stylistic flaw in the original question, by changing the conjunction when to for, which logically connects the sentence's two clauses in a relationship of cause and effect.

[ Rupert Brooke's poetry turned him into a symbol of an entire generation, ]

for / because / since / as

[ it reflected patriotically on the experiences of World War I ]

Note that the preposition for can also be used as a reason conjunction.

Example:

John does not travel by air because he fears flying.

John does not travel by air for he fears flying.

generation when it reflected patriotically on the experiences of World War I
generation in that it reflected patriotically on the experiences of World War I
generation, reflecting patriotically on the experiences of World War I
generation, for it reflected patriotically on the experiences of World War I
generation, which reflected patriotically on World War I experiences