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Sentence Correction: Sentence vs. Clause vs. Fragment

In the Mesopotamian creation myth Enuma-Elish, the world is created when the body of the slain sea-monster Tiamat is divided into two, the upper half of her body forming the firmament and the lower half forming the earth.

Well done!

This answer choice correctly uses a conjunction (when) to connect the main clause (the world is created) with the sentence's secondary clause (the body of the slain sea-monster Tiamat is divided into two).

Incorrect.

While this answer choice is grammatically correct, it is stylistically flawed. The phrase being divided is awkward; using the conjugated form is divided is stylistically superior.

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The conjunction when indicates two things happening at the same time. This answer changes the Present Simple verb is divided into the Past Simple verb was divided, but this causes it to disagree with an earlier Present Simple verb, is created:

Correct: ... the world is created when ... Tiamat is divided ...

Incorrect: ... the world is created when ... Tiamat was divided ...

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect; it uses the preposition from to connect two clauses, instead of using a conjunction.

Look for an answer choice that correctly uses a conjunction to connect the main clause (the world is created) with the sentence's secondary clause (the body of the slain sea-monster Tiamat is divided into two).

Incorrect.

While this answer choice is grammatically correct. The construction created from ... dividing is non-idiomatic because dividing is an action and not a thing The correct idiom is created by [action] or created from [a thing].

when the body of the slain sea-monster Tiamat is divided
from the body of the slain sea-monster Tiamat being divided
when the body of the slain sea-monster Tiamat was divided
from the slain sea-monster Tiamat's body dividing
from the body of the slain sea-monster Tiamat is divided