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Sentence Correction: Preposition and Idiom Questions - Overview

Fernando Botero, who is recognized as one of the 20th century's foremost figurative painters and sculptors, creates works both closely associated with his native Colombia, yet he infuses his painting with all the knowledge gained from dedicated study of the European Old Masters.

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect because it incorrectly uses the idiom both A and B. While both appears before the first item (both closely associated with his native Colombia) there is no and or a parallel second item in the sentence.

Well done!

This answer choice corrects the original idiom mistake by removing the word both. The sentence is now comprised of two clauses connected by yet:

Fernando Botero, ... , creates works ...

yet 

he infuses ...

Incorrect.

This answer choice repeats the original grammatical mistake by incorrectly using the idiom both A and B. While both appears before the first item (both closely associated to his native Colombia) there is no and or a parallel second item in the sentence.

This answer choice also unnecessarily changes associated to to associated with. The correct idiom is associated with.

Incorrect.

This answer choice repeats the original grammatical mistake by incorrectly using the idiom both A and B. While both appears before the first item (both closely associated to his native Colombia) there is no and or a parallel second item in the sentence.

This answer choice also unnecessarily changes associated to to associated with. The correct idiom is associated with.

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammtically incorrect. The conjunction yet should be used to connect two clauses; however, sentence part which precedes it is a fragment as it lacks a conjugated verb. This is caused by including the original verb in this clause (creates) in the relative clause:

Fernando Botero, [who is recognized as one of the 20th century's foremost figurative painters and sculptors and creates works closely associated with his native Colombia,] yet

Fernando Botero, who is recognized as one of the 20th century's foremost figurative painters and sculptors, creates works both closely associated with
Fernando Botero, who is recognized as one of the 20th century's foremost figurative painters and sculptors, creates works closely associated with
Fernando Botero, who is recognized as one of the 20th century's foremost figurative painters and sculptors, creates works both closely associated to
Recognized as one of the 20th century's foremost figurative painters and sculptors, Fernando Botero creates works both closely associated to
Fernando Botero, who is recognized as one of the 20th century's foremost figurative painters and sculptors and creates works closely associated with