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Sentence Correction: Preposition and Idiom Questions - Overview

In 1215, England's most important barons produced the Magna Carta, requiring of King John in a charter that he proclaim certain liberties, protect the feudal courts against incursions by the monarch, and guard heirs from arbitrary seizures of property.

Incorrect.

This answer choice is stylistically flawed and ambiguous. The use of the modifier requiring of King John is confusing, since it is placed right after the Magna Carta, and seems to modify it, but the following words in a charter do not make sense in this case (the Magna Carta is a charter, it cannot require in a charter).

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The phrase requiring in a charter for King John is non-idiomatic. The correct idiom is require of someone to do something.

Furthermore, this answer choice repeats the original stylistic flaw: the use of the modifier requiring in a charter for King John is confusing,since it is placed right after the Magna Carta, and seems to modify it, but the following words in a charter do not make sense in this case (the Magna Carta is a charter, it cannot require in a charter).

Incorrect.

While this answer choice corrects the original ambiguity, it is grammatically incorrect. The phrase protect the feudal courts over [...] is non-idiomatic. The correct idiom is protect ... against or protect ... from.

In addition, the phrase a charter that required that King John is wordy and redundant. Look for another answer choice that is more concise.

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The first and third items in the sentence's list repeat the preposition to (to proclaim, to guard), but the second item leaves it out (protect).

[[snippet]]

Excellent work!

This answer choice corrects the original ambiguity by changing requiring of King John in a charter that to a charter requiring King John to . It also makes correct use of the parallel construction ([to] proclaim, protect, and guard).

[[snippet]]
requiring of King John in a charter that he proclaim certain liberties, protect the feudal courts against incursions by the monarch, and
requiring in a charter for King John to proclaim certain liberties, to protect the feudal courts against incursions by the monarch,  and to
a charter that required that King John proclaim certain liberties, protect the feudal courts over incursions by the monarch, and
a charter requiring King John to proclaim certain liberties, protect the feudal courts against incursions by the monarch, and
a charter requiring King John to proclaim certain liberties, protect the feudal courts against incursions by the monarch,  and to