Don’t lose your progress!

We cover every section of the GMAT with in-depth lessons, 5000+ practice questions and realistic practice tests.

Up to 90+ points GMAT score improvement guarantee

The best guarantee you’ll find

Our Premium and Ultimate plans guarantee up to 90+ points score increase or your money back.

Master each section of the test

Comprehensive GMAT prep

We cover every section of the GMAT with in-depth lessons, 5000+ practice questions and realistic practice tests.

Schedule-free studying

Learn on the go

Study whenever and wherever you want with our iOS and Android mobile apps.

The most effective way to study

Personalized GMAT prep, just for you!

Adaptive learning technology focuses on your academic weaknesses.

Sentence Correction: Dangling Modifiers - Overview

Feminist critics of "double-bind" theory as an explanation for the etiology of schizophrenia have charged that in attributing a psychopathology to the communication of contradictory messages in the family setting, mothers receive an unwarranted portion of blame for their children's distress.

Incorrect.

This answer choice is illogical. In the relative clause following that, the opening Dangling Modifier in attributing a psychopathology to the communication of contradictory messages in the family setting should logically describe "double bind" theory but instead it modifies mothers, which immediately follows it.

[[snippet]]

Incorrect.

This answer choice repeats the Misplaced Modifier mistake in the original quesion because of its use of a misplaced modifier. The modifying clause in attributing a psychopathology to the communication of contradictory messages in the family setting should logically describe Feminist critics of "double bind" theory, but instead it modifies mothers.

ADD MISPLACED MODIFIER ENTITY

Incorrect.

This answer choice repeats the original Dangling Modifier mistake. In the relative clause following that, the opening Dangling Modifier in attributing the communication of contradictory messages in the family setting as the cause of a psychopathology should logically describe "double bind" theory but instead it modifies mothers, which immediately follows it.

[[snippet]]

In addition, this answer choice is stylistically flawed. The correct idiom is attribute A to B (active) or A is attributed to B (passive). The verb attribute means to assign a reason to something. Therefore, to say attributing... as a cause of  is redundant.

Incorrect.

This answer choice is stylistically flawed and non-idiomatic. The correct idiom is attribute A to B (active) or A is attributed to B (passive). Since the idiom attribute to means to assign a reason to something, to say attributing... as a cause of is redundant.

Incorrect.

This answer choice repeats the original Dangling Modifier mistake. In the relative clause following that, the opening Dangling Modifier in attributing the communication of contradictory messages within the family as a cause for a psychopathology should logically describe "double bind" theory but instead it modifies mothers, which immediately follows it.

[[snippet]]

In addition, this answer choice is stylistically flawed and non-idiomatic. The correct idiom is attribute A to B (active) or A is attributed to B (passive). Since the idiom attribute to means to assign a reason to something, to say attributing... as a cause for is redundant.

Well done!

This answer choice corrects the Dangling Modifier mistake in the original question, by replacing the dangling modifier in attributing a psychopathology to [...] with a conditional clause if a psychopathology is attributed to [...]. 

[[snippet]]

In addition, this answer choice also correctly uses the idiom A is attributed to B.

in attributing a psychopathology to the communication of contradictory messages in the family setting
in attributing the communication of contradictory messages in the family setting as the cause of a psychopathology
if a psychopathology is attributed to the communication of contradictory messages in the family setting
if the communication of contradictory messages in the family setting is attributed as a cause of a psychopathology
in attributing the communication of contradictory messages within the family as a cause for a psychopathology