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Sentence Correction: Tenses - Present Perfect

If state legislators reconfirm their support of measures that have contributed to recent economic growth, such as updating the 25-year old telecommunication laws, media entrepreneurs have and will continue to attract investors and promote employment in Illinois.

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. In the phrase have and will continue, the verb have is incomplete: it either states ownership and is missing a noun object (what do the media entrepreneurs have?) or is part of a broken Present Perfect verb lacking a V3 verb (e.g. have continued).

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Incorrect.

This answer choice repeats the original mistake. In the phrase have been and will continue, the verb have been is incomplete: it either states being and is missing an object (what have the media entrepreneurs been?) or is part of a broken Present Perfect verb lacking a V+ing verb (e.g. have been continuing).

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Excellent work!

This answer choice correctly completes the Conditional in the sentence, by eliminating the first verb have from the result part of the conditional sentence.

It is also more concise than the other answer choices, as it eliminates the redundancy created by the parallel verb that appears in all the other answer choices. The verb continue implies that investors have been attracted to Illinois in the past, so it is unnecessary and redundant to state this.

Incorrect.

While this answer choice correctly completes the Conditional in the sentence, it is stylistically flawed. The phrase as they already did is redundant. The verb continue already implies that investors have been attracted to Illinois in the past, so it is unnecessary to state this explicitly.

Incorrect.

While this answer choice correctly completes the Conditional in the sentence, it is stylistically flawed. The phrase as they have already is redundant. The verb continue already implies that investors have been attracted to Illinois in the past, so it is unnecessary to state this explicitly.

have and will continue to attract
have been and will continue to attract
will continue to attract
will continue to attract, as they already did
will continue to attract, as they have already