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Sentence Correction: Dangling Modifiers - Overview

If consumed in moderation, compositional analysis of certain types of alcoholic beverage, such as red wine, brandy, gin, malted beer and even whiskey reveals they can be healthy, as they contain phytochemicals and flavonoids that can prevent the development of cancer and protect organ tissue.

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. It begins with a modifier (If) consumed with moderation which should be placed right next to the noun it describes. The only noun that this modifier can logically modify is alcoholic beverage but what immediately follows the modifier is compositional analysis (which cannot be consumed).

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Incorrect.

This answer choice repeats the original Dangling Modifier mistake. It begins with a modifier (If) consumed with moderation which should be placed right next to the noun it describes. The only noun that this modifier can logically modify is alcoholic beverage but what immediately follows the modifier is compositional analysis (which cannot be consumed).

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In addition, the relative clause which contain phytochemicals and flavonoids is also intended to modify the noun alcoholic beverages. In this answer choice, however, it follows the adjective healthy.

Incorrect.

This answer choice is stylistically flawed and changes the meaning of the original sentence. It ends with a modifier: (If) consumed with moderation, but the placement of the modifier makes it ambiguous because it could grammatically refer to many nouns in the sentence: analysis, certain types of alcoholic beverages, phytochemicals and flavonoids, cancer, and organ tissue. However, the only noun that this modifier can logically modify is alcoholic beverages.

In addition, this answer choice changes the meaning of the original sentence by using the relative clause that can be healthy, etc. to modify phytochemicals and flavonoids, whereas the original sentence states that certain types of alcoholic beverage... can be healthy

Incorrect.

While this answer choice corrects the original Dangling Modifier mistake, it is grammatically incorrect and changes the meaning of the original sentence.

The defining relative clause that contain phytochemicals and flavonoids is used to modify the noun whiskey (which immediately precedes it). However, the plural verb contain does not agree with the singular noun whiskey. This use of the defining relative pronoun that also changes the meaning, since the original sentence describes all of the beverages in the list as containing phytochemicals and flavonoids - not only whiskey.

Excellent work!

This answer choice corrects the Dangling Modifier mistake by placing the modifier if consumed in moderation next to the phrase can be healthy. This way, the entire phrase can be healthy if consumed in moderation correctly modifies Certain types of alcoholic beverage.

If consumed in moderation, compositional analysis of certain types of alcoholic beverage, such as red wine, brandy, gin, malted beer and even whiskey reveals they can be healthy, as they contain phytochemicals and flavonoids that can prevent the development of cancer and protect organ tissue
If consumed in moderation, compositional analysis of red wine, brandy, gin, malted beer and even whiskey reveals alcoholic beverages of this type can be healthy, which contain phytochemicals and flavonoids that can prevent the development of cancer and protect organ tissue
Compositional analysis of red wine, brandy, gin, malted beer and even whiskey reveals that certain types of alcoholic beverages contain phytochemicals and flavonoids that can be healthy, prevent the development of cancer, and protect organ tissue, if consumed in moderation
Certain types of alcoholic beverages such as red wine, brandy, gin, malted beer and even whiskey that contain phytochemicals and flavonoids, as revealed by compositional analysis, can be healthy if consumed in moderation, prevent the development of cancer, and protect organ tissue
Certain types of alcoholic beverages, such as red wine, brandy, gin, malted beer and even whiskey, can be healthy if consumed in moderation; compositional analysis reveals that they contain phytochemicals and flavonoids that can prevent the development of cancer and protect organ tissue