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What is the purpose of the second paragraph in relation to the passage as a whole?
The first paragraph does mention religion when it says that existentialists deny the existence of an omnipotent higher power. Furthermore, religion is not a facet of existentialism; it is an external concept to which existentialism relates in various ways.
The first paragraph tells us that existentialism does not believe in an omnipotent higher power. The second paragraph shows us how this belief fits in with the existential view of God.
This answer choice suggests that there are some existentialists who believe that God is omnipotent (all-powerful). However, although we know that theistic existentialists believe in God, there is nothing in the second paragraph to suggest that they argue for the idea that God is all-powerful. For instance, the passage states that theistic existentialists believe that humans, not God, have the power to control their own destiny. Therefore, if God lacks this power, God cannot be all-powerful in this view.
We know from the first sentence of the second paragraph that although it might seem that the fundamental tenets of existentialism preclude, or rule out, the existence of God, this is not necessarily the case. That is, the author does not see existentialism and theism as incompatible.
The religious thoughts of Nietzsche and Kierkegaard are not discussed in either the first or second paragraph.