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Sentence Correction: Conditionals - Conditional 2

A simple truth about children is that if they feel loved and protected, they would generally behave well

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The condition part is in the Present (if... feel), which indicates Conditional 1, and the result part is in FuturePast (would behave), indicating Conditional 2.

What helps us identify this question as a Conditionals question as well as identify the mistake is the following Stop Sign:

If / Unless 

Incorrect.

While this answer choice corrects the original mistake and is grammatically correct, it is stylistically flawed. The phrase their behavior will be generally good is wordy. There is an answer choice which is both grammatically correct and more concise than this one. Look for it. 

Very good!

This answer choice is both grammatically correct and stylistically effective (i.e., concise). It correctly uses the first conditional to describe a real condition.

Incorrect.

While this answer choice corrects the original Conditionals mistake, it is stylistically flawed.

Changing the tense of the result  part from Future Past (would behave) to Future (will behave) creates a grammatically correct Conditional 1 sentence. However, the phrase will..be well-behaved is wordy, the same meaning can be expressed more concisely

Incorrect.

While this answer choice seems to corrects the original Conditionals mistake, it changes the meaning of the original sentence and is stylistically flawed.

Changing the tense of the condition part from Present Simple (feel) to Past Simple (loved and protected) creates a correct Conditional 2 sentence, only in the grammatical sense.

However, this change changes the meaning; the verbs loved and protected are used in an active sense which also makes them illogical

In the original sentence, the children feel loved and protected. That is, they are the object of an other person's love. The corrected sentence omits feel but doesn't tell us who or what is the object of loved and protected and turns the children into the ones who love and protect.

if they feel loved and protected, they would generally behave well
if they feel loved and protected, their behavior will be generally good.
they generally behave well if they feel loved and protected
if they loved and protected, they would generally behave well
they will generally be well-behaved if they feel loved and protected