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The application of discrete paintbrush strokes of unmixed primary colors directly onto the canvas results in the simulation of the way the eye actually perceives light; this painting style, with the bold effects and stark emotive power that scandalized the public when first presented, is known as Impressionism.
This answer choice is grammatically correct, because the singular verb is agrees with the singular subject painting style.[[snippet]]
This answer choice is grammatically incorrect, because the plural verb are does not agree with the singular subject painting style.[[snippet]]
This answer choice is grammatically incorrect because the plural verb are does not agree with the singular subject painting style.[[snippet]]
In addition, this answer choice introduces a change in meaning by replacing the word effects with affects.
Effect is a noun, close in meaning to result or consequence. In this sentence bold effects means the bold appearance of the paint, the result of the painting style.
Affect can either be a verb (to influence) or a noun meaning feeling or emotion. Its use as a noun in the corrected sentence is not logical, because a painting style does not itself have feelings.
This answer choice is grammatically incorrect because it changes the conjugated verb is to a non-conjugated verb being, creating a fragment. In the corrected sentence, the subject this painting style is missing a conjugated verb.
This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The pronoun that (when used as a relative pronoun) cannot appear after a comma, while which must appear after a comma. In this, that and which are different from all other relative pronouns, which can follow a comma or not follow a comma.
Whenever you see one of the following Stop Signs: