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Critical Reasoning: Assumption Questions

A new center celebrating all religions is to be built in Dawn City. Since statues depicting human beings are considered blasphemous in certain religions, the architect of the new center avoided including statues of men or women in her plans for the center so that no-one is offended.

Which of the following is an assumption made by the architect of the center in Dawn City?

Incorrect.

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While this answer choice may be true, it does not explain why the architect chose to omit particular statues in human form; if that were her assumption, she would be more likely to remove all statues.

Incorrect.

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This answer choice, stating that both statues of men and women may be objectionable to some, is merely repeating the premise that statues of human beings in general are objectionable in some religions. If this data appears in the premise, it cannot be the assumption made by the architect.

This answer choice presents a new premise concerning the inappropriateness of statues in scriptures . It is irrelevant whether this new data supports the conclusion; what you are looking for is the assumption, which should explain how the author drew the conclusion based on the existing premise.

Incorrect.

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This answer choice does not explain why the architect thinks removing statues of human beings would please everyone. In other words, it does not connect the existing premise with the conclusion.

Very good!

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The architect assumes that removing the statues won't hurt anyone, i.e., she assumes other religions are okay with not having any statues of human beings and that no religion requires such statues for its worship.

All statues may be found objectionable by some people.
Not only statues of men but also statues of women may be found to be objectionable by some people.
Statues of human beings are not essential to the worship of any religion.
The inappropriateness of statues is discussed at length in many scriptures.
Some religions incorporate statues of animals in their ritual.