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Sentence Correction: Conditionals - Conditional 2

A simple truth about children is that if they feel loved and protected, they would generally behave well.  

Incorrect.

While this answer choice is grammatically correct, it changes the meaning of the original sentence.

This answer choice corrects the original Conditionals mistake, by changing the tense of the result part from Future Past (would behave) to Future (will behave), thus creating a grammatically correct Conditional 1 sentence.

However, replacing the verb feel with are changes the original meaning. In the original sentence, the children feel loved and protected. That is, they feel that somebody loves and protects them. In this answer choice, they are actually loved and protected - but they may not feel so. 

Incorrect.

While this answer choice is grammatically correct, it changes the meaning of the original sentence.

This answer choice corrects the original Conditionals mistake by changing the tense of the condition part from Present Simple (feel) to Past Simple (loved and protected), thus creating a grammatically correct Conditional 2 sentence.

However, this change also distorts the original meaning. In the original sentence, the children feel loved and protected. That is, they feel that somebody loves and protects them. In this answer choice, it is the children themselves that perform the action of loving and protecting.  

Very good!

This answer choice corrects the original Conditionals mistake, by changing would behave in the Future Past to behave well in the Present Simple.  It thus correctly uses Conditional 1 to describe a real condition (in this case it is also a generalization - something that is always true). 

Note also that this answer choice is also stylistically superior to answer choice B: behave well is more concise than behavior...will be good.

[[snippet]]

Incorrect.

While this answer choice corrects the original mistake by adhering to the correct forms of Conditional 1, and is grammatically correct, stylistically, it is not the best of the five answer choices. There is an answer choice which is both grammatically correct and more concise than this one. Look for it.  

[[snippet]]

Incorrect.

This answer choice is grammatically incorrect. The condition part is in the Present (if... feel), which indicates Conditional 1, and the result part is in Future Past (would behave), indicating Conditional 2.

[[snippet]]
if they feel loved and protected, they would generally behave well
if they feel loved and protected, their behavior will be generally good
they generally behave well if they feel loved and protected
if they loved and protected, they would generally be well behaved
they will generally behave well if they are protected and well loved